Habit: Pyramidal with pendulous branches; stiff when young, graceful at maturity, good density.

Growth Rate: Medium to fast especially in youth; 1 1/2' to 2 1/2' per year in average landscape.

Mature Sizes: In an average mid west landscape after 20 years 30' to 40'.

Needle: Medium to dark green, 1/2" to 1" long, stiff.

Texture: Medium.

Cones: 4" to 6" long, Pendulous, cylindrical, brown when mature, persist through winter.

Culture: Easily transplanted, with shallow spreading root system; can be planted in most average soils in the mid west. Avoid wet, poorly drained sites, elevate root ball. Prefers full sun, but will grow in light to moderate shade (no less than 4 hours direct sun light per day) and expect trees to be more openly branched and less dense. They will perform better than any of the pine family in partial shade.

Disease and Insects: Susceptible to spider mites.

Cultivars and Varieties:

Nidiformis; is appropriately named Bird's Nest Spruce because of the depression in the middle of its tight, compact, mounded habit. Makes a good rock garden of foundation plant. Grows 2' high and 6' wide.

Pendula; may be the generic name for a number of weeping types. No two are exactly alike, but all tend to splay their limbs in a wild, weeping configuration. Certainly a great novelty plant and a conversation piece at parties.

Zone: 2 to 7.

Native Habitat: Northern and Central Europe

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